China 's top legislative body National People's Congress Standing Committee on Tuesday unanimously passed a comprehensive national security law for Hong Kong . Under this law, a person convicted of endangering national security, segregation with foreign forces, sabotage, terrorism can be sentenced to a maximum of life term. 162 members of the National People's Congress Standing Committee unanimously approved it within 15 minutes of the legislation being introduced. In Hong Kong, this law will come into effect from July 1.
Hong Kong-based newspaper South China Morning Post quoted sources as saying that China's new national security law will be incorporated into Hong Kong's law and order. The accused will not be sent across the border to the Chinese mainland to face trial in this law. This new law will allow China's security agencies to open their establishments in Hong Kong for the first time.
China is not empowered to enforce the law in Hong Kong, however, Hong Kong boss Association said China's proposed new security law could be in trouble in the courts as Beijing has no means of enforcing its national security law for the former British colony. Is not a legal authority. There is strong opposition in Hong Kong regarding this law.
China is trying to take over Hong Kong's political turmoil. Let us tell that Hong-Kong came under the British rule in 1997 under the 'one country, two system' and it has got some rights of its own. This includes separate judiciary and the right to freedom for citizens. This arrangement is for 2047.
The British Army captured Hong Kong for the first time by defeating China in the First Opium War in 1942. In the second opium war that followed, China faced further defeat at the hands of Britain. In 1898, Britain leased some additional areas from China on a 99-year lease to strengthen its position in the region. Hong Kong progressed rapidly under British rule.
In 1982, Britain began handing over Hong Kong to China, which was completed in 1997. China promised to give autonomy to Hong Kong under a two-country system. China had said that Hong Kong would get all kinds of independence except foreign and defense matters for the next 50 years. China later made it a Special Administrative Region under an agreement.