Group-based talking therapies shown to be most effective treatment for young people with anxiety disorders, says a new network meta-analysis study from Oxford University. The yet to be published study, 'Different Types and Acceptability of Psychotherapies for Acute Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents', suggests that group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) could be the best choice of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.
The study has been done by Andrea Cipriani, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford and Peng Xie, Department of Neurology, Medical University, China.
"This study is encouraging because it shows that there is real benefit in long-established psychological treatments for anxiety disorders in adolescents," the study's author, Professor Andrea Cipriani said.
"Ongoing debate regarding the different components and format of psychotherapy leads to uncertainty in the decision making for health care professionals and patients, and this may help to create clearer guidance for healthcare professionals. We need to assess long term effect of psychotherapies and more research is needed to replicate these findings and explore specific treatment effect and outcomes for different patient populations," Prof Cipriani added.
The study included 101 unique randomized clinical trials (about 7,000 participants) that compared any structured psychotherapy with another psychotherapy or a control condition for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, said a statement from the University.
The study found that CBT, delivered in different ways, was significantly beneficial compared with placebo or waiting list in terms of improving children's and adolescent's quality of life and functional improvement.
CBT is a talking therapy designed to help people manage problems by encouraging positive changes in the way they think and behave.
It is widely used to treat anxiety and depression, as well as other mental and physical health problems, especially in adults, as it is designed to help people to deal with overwhelming problems in a more positive way by breaking them down into smaller parts