Wednesday, 14 October 2020
Around 150 million Indians are in need of active psychiatric interventions in the country , according to the National Mental health Survey of 2016. The need is more in urban than rural areas. It is estimated that the lifetime prevalence of any mental illness is 13.7% and current prevalence is 10.6%. Among all neurological, mental and substance use disorders, Depression and anxiety are the most common.
Though India was one of the first few countries to implement the National Mental Health program, way back in 1982, it was not until the comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2020, (MHAP) was introduced by WHO , that serious efforts were made to increase focus on mental health and well being with a renewed agenda. The significant push that mental health received in this period is evident in the framing of the first mental health policy, new mental health care bill keeping in line with the human rights and CRPD recommendations and decriminalization of suicide . DMHP has become more strengthened in recent times.