HIV-AIDS has been a major fear for many decades after the first case came out in 1986 in the country. The planned war against it is now steadily loosening its grip. The government intends to completely wipe it out of the country by 2024. Not only has the government created the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) to sharpen its war against HIV-AIDS, along with this, cooperation of eminent personalities, health workers and general public is also being sought in this work. Along with giving necessary medical help to HIV-AIDS patients, continuous awareness campaigns are being conducted.
Sources reveal that it is the result of organized efforts that new cases of HIV-AIDS in the country have reduced by about 90 percent. According to a NACO report, in 2017, 21.40 lakh people in the country were infected with HIV. During this time around 69 thousand people died due to this and 22675 pregnant women needed antirotroviral therapy.
NACO says that by 2017 there has been a huge reduction in new cases of AIDS, the deaths due to this also decreased by about 71 percent compared to 2005. Statistics show that 2.2 percent of sex workers in the country, 4.3 percent of homosexuals, 9.9 of injecting drugs and 7.2 percent of transgenders are affected by HIV-AIDS. The northeast states of the country, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra are still having a significant impact.
The government has also made legal arrangements to fight HIV-AIDS as well as to prevent discrimination from its patients and provide them with quality health facilities. For this purpose, a law was enacted in 2017 after many years of exercise. Accordingly, no person or medical institution can refuse treatment to HIV-AIDS patients. Also, the information related to their treatment has to be kept secret.